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Encyclopedia of Vedic Astrology: Tajik Shastra and Annual Horoscopy: Sahams & Specific Events, Chapter V, Part - 1

Dr. Shanker Adawal

Sahams & Specific Events

1. Introduction

Sahams are special features of Tajika Shastra. Sahams are important events of life. While a Brava or house stands for a number of events, the Saham stands for a particular/ specific event of life. The Sahams are sensitive points arrived at by a certain manipulation of longitudes of various planets and mid-point of certain houses. Different though, specific manipulations yield different Sahams. Each Saham then holds sway over a specific event of a life during the period of approximately a year. Normally a native is curious to know about queries which are time specific as to when an event is likely to materialize. In such cases, the technique of Sahams could be applied in progressed annual chart or a horary chart with astonishing accuracy. According to Harrison, “The function of any sensitive point is to show the effect upon a certain specified department of life, or the combined influence of any two planets depends upon the distance between them, whether in aspect or not. It must be related to some position in the horoscope in order that it may have point of operation.” However the results of Sahams can fructify only if it is indicated in the birth as well as annual/ horary charts. Thus such varied events as education, marriage, child birth, fame, travel, rise & fall in status, illness, death and the like are each ruled by a specific Saham.

2. The number of Sahams recommended for application varies from one astrologer to another. Whereas Acharya Keshava mentions of only 25 Sahams, Venkatesha describes 48 Sahams, and Acharya Neelkantha describes 50 Sahams. It is generally not necessary to calculate all the Sahams described in the texts, in a given annual/ horary chart. The practitioners of Tajika system pick up only the relevant Sahams pertaining to a particular year of life/ horary chart of a native and analyze them. Although the tradition of calculating Sahams in a birth chart is not in vogue, it is well documented in Kashi Viswa Panchang.

3. Essential Parameters

Sahams are calculated either for the day or for the Night depending upon the time of birth of Varshapravesh (Solar return) or the time of query in Horary astrology. Calculation procedure for day and night Sahams are different. For calculation of Sahams, longitudes of planets & Lagna, cusp of houses and Time of Varshpravesh or of query (in Horary) are essential. For finding out any Saham, three parameters are involved. Any Saham can be represented by the formula: a- b + c. If `c’ falls between `b’ and `a’, the value obtained by the formula `a – b + c’ represents the specified Saham. However, if `c’ does not fall between `b’ and `a’, then add one sign or 30 degrees to the formula to get the desired Saham i.e. the new formula will be a – b + c + 30. This process is known as “Saiktha Samskaram”. However on this step there has been controversy among the old Tajika astrologers. Keshava, Hari Bhatta and Ganesha were against this Samskara. They advocated that this correction is unnecessary as it will not have undisturbed progression. Another argument is that Sahams are formed by the difference in longitudes of the significator and the promoter to the Lagna. Hence the lagna needs rectification. Therefore there is still a need to do further researchers in these two aspects.


Shanker Adawal

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