For the Students of Hindu Vedic Astrology by Dr. A. Shanker

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Planets, Signs and Houses: The Planets, Chapter II, Part - 3


Dr. Shanker Adawal

Essential Planetary Principles:

The Sun

Sun is the source of the entire solar system. He is also called the “Father of the Stars”. The Sun is the nearest star to the earth. The Hindus regard the Sun as the centre of all life, force and energy, and the giver of Praana. Prayers are offered to the Sun thrice daily and is said to represent Brahma, the Creator, with all his four faces to have a survey of all the four directions causing four seasons and the four elements, namely, fire, earth, air and water. Sundays (known as the Sabbath day in the West) are declared holidays to worship, the Sun. According to Greek mythology the Sun is termed Apollo and the son of Jupiter and Latonia. Apollo is the brother of Diana.

The Sun stands to us as a symbol of spirit. The Hindus consider him to be the soul of Kalapursha, the Moon is the mind, Mercury is the speech, Jupiter is knowledge and happiness, Venus is his desire and Saturn in his misery, etc. The Sanskrit names of the Sun are Aaditya, Arka, Bhaanu, Dinkar, Heli, Pusha, Ravi, Surya and Taapan. In Persian he is known as Aaftaab. In astrology, the Sun gives to every living organism Praan or soul of life, heat and stands to each nativity as the symbol of vitality and activity, mind and intellect, love and feeling. In one word, he represents the centre of each separate individual character as the sum total of himself by absorbing into himself as much of the influence of the solar rays and the planetary vibrations as possible during his previous physical manifestations. The permanent and vital conditions of each life are denoted by the Sun.

In the outer world, he signifies the king, emperor, President or chieftain as Head of the State and where the real power is exercised by the Prime Minister. The Sun represents the Prime Minister or by whatever name otherwise you may call him, together with or the King’s or the Nation’s or the Government’s representatives and anyone, who is exalted in position superior in general, down to the employer and the husband as the head of the household. He represents these not as private persons, but only in respect of their relative position or rank. He also signifies the places in which such persons carry on their characteristic activities such as palaces, Government Houses, Secretaries official residences, large or grand edifices perhaps theatres, bankers, ministers, money gold and goldsmith, diamonds, the colour of orange. In some lists, carbuncle and other stones are included also pinsetters, bronzers, coppersmiths, but these are doubtful and are only to be taken as representatives of ornament, luxury and display in general. He governs Sun light and all other vital or other forces proceeding from the Sun and flowing through the solar system, enabling life and all activities to be carried on.

In consciousness, he signifies power, the sense of dignity, authority, grandeur, pride, ostentation, subtle ardour, generosity, will; he vitalizes desire as well as Wisdom.

In body, the Sun Sun rules the heart and circulation arteries, eyes, spinal chord and the vital force.

The Sun, Moon and the Ascendant are the three forces upon which life depends.

The sign in which the Sun is placed affects the individuality. The house in which the Sun is placed is of very great importance in our development. If the Sun receives strong harmonious aspects or is favourably posited (i.e. in a congenial house or sign) then the circumstances are favourable for the development and expression of the inner side; if, on the other hand, the Sun is posited in less harmonious houses or signs and is afflicted by one or more planets then there would be clouds before its face, so that the flow of vital force is only felt in parts, One has more self-confidence, more vitality, and more influence on others in proportion to the strength of the Sun, one is then less liable to outside influences because one gives so much energy to himself. That is why the Sun is naturally weak in the sign given to self-sacrifice and meekness (i.e. those owned by his son Saturn), a “Sunny” man does not know the word “sacrifice” He gives of his own fullness because he cannot but do so and the very giving procures him his joy and ever increasing growth (Leo ruled by the Sun), is above all Sunny radiating rich, proud, generous; the ideal ruler who guides the good and the wicked by the force of his being, the strength of his warm heart.


Shanker Adawal

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