Encyclopedia of Vedic Astrology: Planetary Transit: Basic Rules of Transit, Chapter II, Part - 1

Dr. Shanker Adawal

Basic Rules of Transit

2.1 Introduction

2.1.1 A transit occurs whenever a planet, moving in its orbit during one’s lifetime, forms an aspect to another planet, the Sun, Moon or any of the house cusps in one’s birth chart. The most difficult and ticklish problem is to find the timing in the transit. In other words, to find the period/ date, when the influences associated with the transit will occur. This becomes a complex problem when a number of transits occur simultaneously in a birth chart. We expect an event to happen when the transit becomes most exact, but sometimes even this does not happen and the transit passes on without notice. Very few events take place with a single transit. Transits to midpoints or mid-cusps of the houses are equally important.

2.1.2 Before explaining the effects & timings of the transit, basic rules of transit should be understood and memorized. Although the basic traits & significations of houses, signs, Nakshtras, and planets remain the same, yet even if it means a repetition, some of their salient features should be gone through.

2.2 Houses/ Bhavas

2.2.1 For convenience, the zodiac has been divided into 12 more or less equal parts called houses/ bhavas. The house where lagna sign is posited, is called the first house or reference point from where the houses are numbered. Each house has a sign placed in serial order and the lord this sign is the lord of the house as well. If the house lord aspects its house or is posited in its house the house becomes strong. The lagna degree san the sign is the most efficient point of house. A planet posited  close to this point whether in birth chart or in transit chart gives the best results as per its significations. The Nakshtra lord of this point is the key planet for giving most effective returns of that Brava. However any planet posited at Brava-Sandhi, becomes weak and lose its natural characteristic strength, even if it is exalted or otherwise powerful. Thus at Brava-Sandhi, a malefic and owner of a malefic house, will give good results.

2.2.2 For the purpose of astrological studies and analysis, the houses are grouped as under:

i). Kendra Houses- 1st, 4th, 7th & 10th houses. These are also called Vishnu Sthans, angular or cardinal houses. It is better if they are owned by natural malefics but occupied by strong benefics.

ii) Trikone Houses- 1st, 5th and 9th houses. They are called Lakshmi sthans or Dharma Trikone with their apex in lagna, and are the most auspicious house. The lords of these houses are always beneficial to the native. As per Vedas & classics, there are three more set of Trikone houses- Artha Trikone (2nd, 6th, & 10th houses), Kaam Trikone (3rd, 7th, & 11th houses) and Moksha Trikone (4th, 8th, & 12th houses), which are no less important.

iii) Trishadya houses- 3rd, 6th & 11th houses, which are normally considered evil houses.

iv) Dustana or Trika houses- 6th, 8th & 12th house, are condemned by all classics as evil and their lords and planets posited therein (Chhidra planets) as evil with a negative role.

v) Upachaya Houses- 3rd, 6th, 10th & 11th houses, if strong, show potential & opportunities for personal growth & gains with a competitive edge. Natural malefics placed alone do well and give energy & power to overcome difficulties.

vi) Houses of longevity & Maraka- 1st, 8th and 3rd (being 8th of 8th) are considered to indicate longevity; and 12th from each of them i.e. 12th, 7th, and 2nd are termed as Maraka houses.

2.2.3 Each house defines a specific domain or area of activity of human life. All possible events, characteristics, specified body parts, and relations of a native (soul), in its journey from birth to death are covered in these 12 houses. Houses 1, 4, 10, 5, 9 & 11 are generally considered good houses. Houses 2 & 7 are good for material & relationship matters, but are bad as they are death inflicting houses as well. Houses 3, 6, 8 & 12 are generally bad; their lords are considered sinister & malefic and spoil the houses where they are placed or aspect except when they are posited in their own or each other’s houses. However each of them has their own charisma/ uniqueness. Each house has a general or main Karaka with some additional Karakas to indicate its various significations.


Dr. Shanker Adawal
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